Hypospadias is a condition where the opening of the urethra is not located at the tip of the penis. Instead, the opening is located somewhere else, in one of three places: near the head of the penis, at the midshaft, or beneath the scrotum.

Hypospadias in Perth more commonly occurs near the head of the penis or at the mid-shaft. Occurrences of this condition near the scrotum or extremely rare.

The condition can be extremely debilitating and distressing for children, so the problem should be fixed as soon as possible.

When Does Diagnosis Occur?

Most cases will be diagnosed at the hospital once the newborn son has undergone a thorough post-birth examination. Doctors will then be able to decide what the best course of action is in order to solve the problem as efficiently as possible.

Sometimes, the symptoms of hypospadias will be less noticeable and may be missed during this initial examination. There are several tell-tale signs that a young child has this condition, which vigilant parents will be able to spot. Visit http://www.childrensurgery.com.au/ for surgery options.

What Are The Symptoms Of The Condition?

There are several symptoms of hypospadias which indicate there is a problem with a boy’s urinal tract. The first sign is that the tip of the penis does not have the opening of the urethra. This can be checked when they baby is having a bath or going to the toilet. The second sign is that the penis curves downwards instead of hanging straight as it normally should. Next, the child’s foreskin will not completely cover the head of the penis: instead, the underside of the penis’ head will be exposed to show the opening. Finally, the child will have problems with going to the toilet because their urination will not be accurate.

What Causes Hypospadias?

The condition is present at birth and can be caused by a malfunction in the hormones which stimulate the growth of the penis during foetal development. Hypospadias can be inherited from genetic abnormalities passed down from father to son.

What Are The Risk Factors?

There are several risk factors associated with hypospadias, even though the exact causes of the condition are not well-defined. Hereditary factors play a large part, as previously discussed. Some research suggests that women who become pregnant over the age of forty are at a greater risk of giving birth to a son with the condition. Exposure to cigarette smoke has been claimed to cause the condition. Also, exposure to pesticides is claimed as another risk factor, but this has yet to be proved by scientific research.


The position of the urethra is corrected by using skin grafts from the foreskin or the inside of the child’s mouth. The best time for surgery is between the ages of 3-18 months. Surgery may also be required to straighten the penis if it is curved.

Use this guide to deal with hypospadias effectively.